National Hurricane Center

Atlantic Region Tropical Outlook


Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook


426
ABNT20 KNHC 231129
TWOAT

Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
800 AM EDT Sun Sep 23 2018

For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on weakening
Tropical Depression Eleven, located several hundred miles east of
the Windward Islands, and on Tropical Storm Kirk, located several
hundred miles south-southwest of the Cabo Verde Islands.

A broad area of low pressure located between Bermuda and the Bahamas
continues to produce limited shower and thunderstorm activity.
The strong upper-level winds currently affecting the system are
expected to diminish, and this could favor some development during
the next couple of days. The low is forecast to move westward and
west-northwestward at about 10 mph over the southwestern Atlantic
Ocean and by Tuesday or Wednesday, upper-level winds are forecast
to strengthen again, likely limiting the development. By then,
the system is expected to be moving by the southeastern coast of
the United States.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...20 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...30 percent.

The evolution of a complex weather system over the central Atlantic
Ocean could lead to two separate episodes of subtropical or
tropical development during the upcoming week. First, a non-
tropical low pressure system currently located about 1000 miles
west-southwest of the Azores is producing gale-force winds with
some associated showers and thunderstorms. Conditions appear
conducive for this system to acquire some subtropical or tropical
characteristics during the next day or so while meandering over the
central Atlantic Ocean, and the low could become a subtropical or
tropical cyclone before it is overtaken and absorbed by a cold front
late Tuesday or Wednesday. Additional information on this system
can be found in High Seas Forecasts issued by the National Weather
Service.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...high...70 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...70 percent.

A second non-tropical low pressure system is expected to form
along the central Atlantic cold front by Wednesday several hundred
miles west of the Azores. Conditions appear conducive for this
system to also acquire subtropical or tropical characteristics by
the latter part of this week.
* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...30 percent.

&&
Public Advisories on Kirk are issued under WMO header WTNT32 KNHC
and under AWIPS header MIATCPAT2. Forecast/Advisories on Kirk are
issued under WMO header WTNT22 KNHC and under AWIPS header
MIATCMAT2.

High Seas Forecasts issued by the National Weather Service can be
found under AWIPS header NFDHSFAT1, WMO header FZNT01 KWBC, and
on the Web at https://ocean.weather.gov/shtml/NFDHSFAT1.shtml.

$$
Forecaster Avila

Summary for Tropical Depression Eleven (AT1/AL112018)

...POORLY ORGANIZED TROPICAL DEPRESSION EXPECTED TO DISSIPATE SOON...
 As of 5:00 AM AST Sun Sep 23
 the center of Eleven was located near 14.5, -55.0
 with movement NW at 6 mph.
 The minimum central pressure was 1009 mb
 with maximum sustained winds of about 30 mph.

Tropical Depression Eleven Public Advisory Number 6

Issued at 500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018  

721 
WTNT31 KNHC 230831
TCPAT1

BULLETIN
Tropical Depression Eleven Advisory Number   6
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL112018
500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018

...POORLY ORGANIZED TROPICAL DEPRESSION EXPECTED TO DISSIPATE
SOON...


SUMMARY OF 500 AM AST...0900 UTC...INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------
LOCATION...14.5N 55.0W
ABOUT 415 MI...670 KM ENE OF THE WINDWARD ISLANDS
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...30 MPH...45 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...NW OR 315 DEGREES AT 6 MPH...9 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1009 MB...29.80 INCHES


WATCHES AND WARNINGS
--------------------
There are no coastal watches or warnings in effect.


DISCUSSION AND OUTLOOK
----------------------
At 500 AM AST (0900 UTC), the center of Tropical Depression Eleven
was located near latitude 14.5 North, longitude 55.0 West. The
depression is moving toward the northwest near 6 mph (9 km/h).  A
slow west-northwest to northwest motion is expected until the
system dissipates in a day or so.

Maximum sustained winds remain near 30 mph (45 km/h) with higher
gusts.  The depression is expected to dissipate by tonight.

The estimated minimum central pressure is 1009 mb (29.80 inches).


HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
----------------------
None


NEXT ADVISORY
-------------
Next complete advisory at 1100 AM AST.

$$
Forecaster Cangialosi


Tropical Depression Eleven Forecast Advisory Number 6

Issued at 0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018  

720 
WTNT21 KNHC 230831
TCMAT1
 
TROPICAL DEPRESSION ELEVEN FORECAST/ADVISORY NUMBER   6
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL112018
0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018
 
THERE ARE NO COASTAL WATCHES OR WARNINGS IN EFFECT.
 
TROPICAL DEPRESSION CENTER LOCATED NEAR 14.5N  55.0W AT 23/0900Z
POSITION ACCURATE WITHIN  30 NM
 
PRESENT MOVEMENT TOWARD THE NORTHWEST OR 315 DEGREES AT   5 KT
 
ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE 1009 MB
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS  25 KT WITH GUSTS TO  35 KT.
WINDS AND SEAS VARY GREATLY IN EACH QUADRANT.  RADII IN NAUTICAL
MILES ARE THE LARGEST RADII EXPECTED ANYWHERE IN THAT QUADRANT.
 
REPEAT...CENTER LOCATED NEAR 14.5N  55.0W AT 23/0900Z
AT 23/0600Z CENTER WAS LOCATED NEAR 14.3N  54.7W
 
FORECAST VALID 23/1800Z 15.0N  56.0W
MAX WIND  25 KT...GUSTS  35 KT.
 
FORECAST VALID 24/0600Z...DISSIPATED
 
REQUEST FOR 3 HOURLY SHIP REPORTS WITHIN 300 MILES OF 14.5N  55.0W
 
NEXT ADVISORY AT 23/1500Z
 
$$
FORECASTER CANGIALOSI
 
 

Tropical Depression Eleven Forecast Discussion Number 6

Issued at 500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018  

959 
WTNT41 KNHC 230832
TCDAT1

Tropical Depression Eleven Discussion Number   6
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL112018
500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018

Satellite images indicate that the depression is poorly organized.
The circulation is becoming increasingly elongated, and it seems
likely that a closed circulation may no longer exist.  However, we
are maintaining advisories for now to wait for visible imagery to
better assess the low-level circulation.  The depression continues
to produce a few patches of deep convection, but these are confined
to the east and northeast portions of the circulation due to about
35 kt of westerly shear.  The initial intensity remains 25 kt based
on the earlier ASCAT data.

The system is moving into an environment of even stronger westerly
wind shear.  These hostile winds and dry air should cause the
depression to dissipate, if it has not already, later today or
tonight.  The depression, or its remnants, are expected to move
slowly west-northwestward for another day or so.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  23/0900Z 14.5N  55.0W   25 KT  30 MPH
 12H  23/1800Z 15.0N  56.0W   25 KT  30 MPH
 24H  24/0600Z...DISSIPATED

$$
Forecaster Cangialosi


Tropical Depression Eleven Wind Speed Probabilities Number 6

Issued at 0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018


914 
FONT11 KNHC 230832
PWSAT1
                                                                    
TROPICAL DEPRESSION ELEVEN WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES NUMBER   6      
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL112018               
0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018                                            
                                                                    
AT 0900Z THE CENTER OF TROPICAL DEPRESSION ELEVEN WAS LOCATED NEAR  
LATITUDE 14.5 NORTH...LONGITUDE 55.0 WEST WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED    
WINDS NEAR 25 KTS...30 MPH...45 KM/H.                               
                                                                    
Z INDICATES COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME (GREENWICH)                  
   ATLANTIC STANDARD TIME (AST)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
   EASTERN  DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
   CENTRAL  DAYLIGHT TIME (CDT)...SUBTRACT 5 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
                                                                    
WIND SPEED PROBABILITY TABLE FOR SPECIFIC LOCATIONS                 
                                                                    
CHANCES OF SUSTAINED (1-MINUTE AVERAGE) WIND SPEEDS OF AT LEAST     
   ...34 KT (39 MPH... 63 KM/H)...                                  
   ...50 KT (58 MPH... 93 KM/H)...                                  
   ...64 KT (74 MPH...119 KM/H)...                                  
FOR LOCATIONS AND TIME PERIODS DURING THE NEXT 5 DAYS               
                                                                    
PROBABILITIES FOR LOCATIONS ARE GIVEN AS OP(CP) WHERE               
    OP  IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT BEGINNING DURING            
        AN INDIVIDUAL TIME PERIOD (ONSET PROBABILITY)               
   (CP) IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT OCCURRING BETWEEN           
        06Z SUN AND THE FORECAST HOUR (CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY)      
                                                                    
PROBABILITIES ARE GIVEN IN PERCENT                                  
X INDICATES PROBABILITIES LESS THAN 1 PERCENT                       
PROBABILITIES FOR 34 KT AND 50 KT ARE SHOWN AT A GIVEN LOCATION WHEN
THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 3 PERCENT.             
PROBABILITIES FOR 34...50...64 KT SHOWN WHEN THE 5-DAY              
64-KT CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 1 PERCENT.                 
                                                                    
                                                                    
  - - - - WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES FOR SELECTED LOCATIONS - - - -   
                                                                    
               FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM 
  TIME       06Z SUN 18Z SUN 06Z MON 18Z MON 06Z TUE 06Z WED 06Z THU
PERIODS         TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO  
             18Z SUN 06Z MON 18Z MON 06Z TUE 06Z WED 06Z THU 06Z FRI
                                                                    
FORECAST HOUR    (12)   (24)    (36)    (48)    (72)    (96)   (120)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
LOCATION       KT                                                   
                                                                    
$$                                                                  
FORECASTER CANGIALOSI                                               

Tropical Depression Eleven Graphics


Tropical Depression Eleven 5-Day Uncertainty Track Image
5-Day Uncertainty Track last updated Sun, 23 Sep 2018 08:33:42 GMT

Tropical Depression Eleven 34-Knot Wind Speed Probabilities
Wind Speed Probabilities last updated Sun, 23 Sep 2018 09:21:53 GMT

Summary for Tropical Storm Kirk (AT2/AL122018)

...KIRK ACCELERATING WESTWARD OVER THE EASTERN TROPICAL ATLANTIC...
 As of 5:00 AM AST Sun Sep 23
 the center of Kirk was located near 9.1, -28.0
 with movement W at 18 mph.
 The minimum central pressure was 1006 mb
 with maximum sustained winds of about 40 mph.

Tropical Storm Kirk Public Advisory Number 4

Issued at 500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018  

098 
WTNT32 KNHC 230833
TCPAT2

BULLETIN
Tropical Storm Kirk Advisory Number   4
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL122018
500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018

...KIRK ACCELERATING WESTWARD OVER THE EASTERN TROPICAL ATLANTIC...


SUMMARY OF 500 AM AST...0900 UTC...INFORMATION
----------------------------------------------
LOCATION...9.1N 28.0W
ABOUT 465 MI...745 KM SSW OF THE SOUTHERNMOST CABO VERDE ISLANDS
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...40 MPH...65 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT...W OR 280 DEGREES AT 18 MPH...30 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1006 MB...29.71 INCHES


WATCHES AND WARNINGS
--------------------
There are no coastal watches or warnings in effect.


DISCUSSION AND OUTLOOK
----------------------
At 500 AM AST (0900 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Kirk was
located near latitude 9.1 North, longitude 28.0 West.  Kirk is
moving toward the west near 18 mph (30 km/h).  An even faster
westward motion across the deep tropical Atlantic Ocean is expected
through Tuesday.

Maximum sustained winds are near 40 mph (65 km/h) with higher gusts.
Some strengthening is forecast during the next day or two.
Weakening is likely during the middle to latter part of the week.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 70 miles (110 km)
to the north of the center.

The estimated minimum central pressure is 1006 mb (29.71 inches).


HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
----------------------
None


NEXT ADVISORY
-------------
Next complete advisory at 1100 AM AST.

$$
Forecaster Berg


Tropical Storm Kirk Forecast Advisory Number 4

Issued at 0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018  

099 
WTNT22 KNHC 230833
TCMAT2
 
TROPICAL STORM KIRK FORECAST/ADVISORY NUMBER   4
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL122018
0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018
 
THERE ARE NO COASTAL WATCHES OR WARNINGS IN EFFECT.
 
TROPICAL STORM CENTER LOCATED NEAR  9.1N  28.0W AT 23/0900Z
POSITION ACCURATE WITHIN  30 NM
 
PRESENT MOVEMENT TOWARD THE WEST OR 280 DEGREES AT  16 KT
 
ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE 1006 MB
MAX SUSTAINED WINDS  35 KT WITH GUSTS TO  45 KT.
34 KT....... 60NE   0SE   0SW   0NW.
WINDS AND SEAS VARY GREATLY IN EACH QUADRANT.  RADII IN NAUTICAL
MILES ARE THE LARGEST RADII EXPECTED ANYWHERE IN THAT QUADRANT.
 
REPEAT...CENTER LOCATED NEAR  9.1N  28.0W AT 23/0900Z
AT 23/0600Z CENTER WAS LOCATED NEAR  9.0N  27.1W
 
FORECAST VALID 23/1800Z  9.5N  30.7W
MAX WIND  40 KT...GUSTS  50 KT.
34 KT... 60NE   0SE   0SW  30NW.
 
FORECAST VALID 24/0600Z 10.0N  35.1W
MAX WIND  45 KT...GUSTS  55 KT.
34 KT... 60NE   0SE   0SW  40NW.
 
FORECAST VALID 24/1800Z 10.2N  39.5W
MAX WIND  50 KT...GUSTS  60 KT.
50 KT... 30NE   0SE   0SW   0NW.
34 KT... 70NE   0SE   0SW  50NW.
 
FORECAST VALID 25/0600Z 10.4N  43.7W
MAX WIND  50 KT...GUSTS  60 KT.
50 KT... 30NE   0SE   0SW   0NW.
34 KT... 70NE   0SE   0SW  50NW.
 
FORECAST VALID 26/0600Z 10.9N  51.0W
MAX WIND  45 KT...GUSTS  55 KT.
34 KT... 70NE   0SE   0SW  60NW.
 
EXTENDED OUTLOOK. NOTE...ERRORS FOR TRACK HAVE AVERAGED NEAR 150 NM
ON DAY 4 AND 175 NM ON DAY 5...AND FOR INTENSITY NEAR 15 KT EACH DAY
 
OUTLOOK VALID 27/0600Z 12.0N  57.0W
MAX WIND  40 KT...GUSTS  50 KT.
 
OUTLOOK VALID 28/0600Z 13.0N  61.5W
MAX WIND  35 KT...GUSTS  45 KT.
 
REQUEST FOR 3 HOURLY SHIP REPORTS WITHIN 300 MILES OF  9.1N  28.0W
 
NEXT ADVISORY AT 23/1500Z
 
$$
FORECASTER BERG
 
 

Tropical Storm Kirk Forecast Discussion Number 4

Issued at 500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018  

523 
WTNT42 KNHC 230833
TCDAT2

Tropical Storm Kirk Discussion Number   4
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL122018
500 AM AST Sun Sep 23 2018

Recent microwave data show that Kirk's center is located near the
eastern edge of the deep convection.  There are a few curved bands
trying to form, but overall the convective activity is oriented
along an east-west line extending west of the center.  Since Dvorak
classifications from TAFB and SAB are T2.5, the initial intensity
remains 35 kt.

Kirk has been accelerating since yesterday, and the current motion
is westward, or 280 degrees, at 16 kt.  Low- to mid-level ridging
over the eastern Atlantic is expected to cause Kirk to move even
faster toward the west during the next couple of days, reaching
speeds of at least 22 kt in 24-36 hours.  A reduction in speed is
likely after 48 hours once Kirk moves south of a large central
Atlantic trough, but it should still be moving along at a pretty
good clip.  The forecast thinking is the same as in previous
advisories, with the latest NHC track forecast still closely
following a blend of the GFS, ECMWF, and HFIP Corrected Consensus
model along the southern edge of the guidance envelope.  This new
prediction is a little faster than what was indicated in the
previous advisory.

Kirk will be moving over increasingly warmer waters and through a
relatively low-shear environment for the next 2-3 days, which
should allow for some strengthening.  The biggest limiting factors
for intensification would be the cyclone's fast motion and possible
entrainment of dry air.  Like every other tropical cyclone which
has approached the Lesser Antilles from the east this season, Kirk
is expected to run into strong westerly shear in 4-5 days,
resulting in weakening as the cyclone gets closer to the islands.
The NHC official forecast is still not as high as the
statistical-dynamical guidance and more closely follows the HCCA,
Florida State Superensemble, and intensity consensus, as well as
the trends in the GFS and ECMWF.  Based on those global models, it
is possible that Kirk may open up into a trough as it is
approaching the Lesser Antilles and moving into the eastern
Caribbean Sea, but for now the official forecast maintains Kirk as
a tropical storm through day 5.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  23/0900Z  9.1N  28.0W   35 KT  40 MPH
 12H  23/1800Z  9.5N  30.7W   40 KT  45 MPH
 24H  24/0600Z 10.0N  35.1W   45 KT  50 MPH
 36H  24/1800Z 10.2N  39.5W   50 KT  60 MPH
 48H  25/0600Z 10.4N  43.7W   50 KT  60 MPH
 72H  26/0600Z 10.9N  51.0W   45 KT  50 MPH
 96H  27/0600Z 12.0N  57.0W   40 KT  45 MPH
120H  28/0600Z 13.0N  61.5W   35 KT  40 MPH

$$
Forecaster Berg


Tropical Storm Kirk Wind Speed Probabilities Number 4

Issued at 0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018


141 
FONT12 KNHC 230833
PWSAT2
                                                                    
TROPICAL STORM KIRK WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES NUMBER   4             
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL122018               
0900 UTC SUN SEP 23 2018                                            
                                                                    
AT 0900Z THE CENTER OF TROPICAL STORM KIRK WAS LOCATED NEAR LATITUDE
9.1 NORTH...LONGITUDE 28.0 WEST WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS NEAR 35
KTS...40 MPH...65 KM/H.                                             
                                                                    
Z INDICATES COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME (GREENWICH)                  
   ATLANTIC STANDARD TIME (AST)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
   EASTERN  DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
   CENTRAL  DAYLIGHT TIME (CDT)...SUBTRACT 5 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
                                                                    
WIND SPEED PROBABILITY TABLE FOR SPECIFIC LOCATIONS                 
                                                                    
CHANCES OF SUSTAINED (1-MINUTE AVERAGE) WIND SPEEDS OF AT LEAST     
   ...34 KT (39 MPH... 63 KM/H)...                                  
   ...50 KT (58 MPH... 93 KM/H)...                                  
   ...64 KT (74 MPH...119 KM/H)...                                  
FOR LOCATIONS AND TIME PERIODS DURING THE NEXT 5 DAYS               
                                                                    
PROBABILITIES FOR LOCATIONS ARE GIVEN AS OP(CP) WHERE               
    OP  IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT BEGINNING DURING            
        AN INDIVIDUAL TIME PERIOD (ONSET PROBABILITY)               
   (CP) IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT OCCURRING BETWEEN           
        06Z SUN AND THE FORECAST HOUR (CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY)      
                                                                    
PROBABILITIES ARE GIVEN IN PERCENT                                  
X INDICATES PROBABILITIES LESS THAN 1 PERCENT                       
PROBABILITIES FOR 34 KT AND 50 KT ARE SHOWN AT A GIVEN LOCATION WHEN
THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 3 PERCENT.             
PROBABILITIES FOR 34...50...64 KT SHOWN WHEN THE 5-DAY              
64-KT CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 1 PERCENT.                 
                                                                    
                                                                    
  - - - - WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES FOR SELECTED LOCATIONS - - - -   
                                                                    
               FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM 
  TIME       06Z SUN 18Z SUN 06Z MON 18Z MON 06Z TUE 06Z WED 06Z THU
PERIODS         TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO  
             18Z SUN 06Z MON 18Z MON 06Z TUE 06Z WED 06Z THU 06Z FRI
                                                                    
FORECAST HOUR    (12)   (24)    (36)    (48)    (72)    (96)   (120)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
LOCATION       KT                                                   
                                                                    
GUADELOUPE     34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)
 
AVES           34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)
 
DOMINICA       34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   1( 1)   4( 5)
 
MARTINIQUE     34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   2( 2)   4( 6)
 
SAINT LUCIA    34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)   4( 7)
 
SAINT VINCENT  34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)   5( 8)
 
BARBADOS       34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   5( 5)   6(11)
 
GRENADA        34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   2( 2)   6( 8)
 
TRINIDADTOBAGO 34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)   5( 8)
 
JUANGRIEGO     34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   4( 4)
 
$$                                                                  
FORECASTER BERG                                                     

Tropical Storm Kirk Graphics


Tropical Storm Kirk 5-Day Uncertainty Track Image
5-Day Uncertainty Track last updated Sun, 23 Sep 2018 08:35:26 GMT

Tropical Storm Kirk 34-Knot Wind Speed Probabilities
Wind Speed Probabilities last updated Sun, 23 Sep 2018 09:28:05 GMT